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英语考试书面表达中的高级结构

来源:上海高考网 2013-09-04 10:43:03

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  英语考试书面表达中的高级结构

  高三英语教师在讲评书面表达时,经常告诉学生说,书面表达要得高分,就得有高级句型和高级词汇;但很多同学在写书面表达时,总认为高级句型和高级词汇很神秘,高不可及。其实,未必如此!通过研读一些优秀的学生习作和历年高考书面表达的范文,我们发现,很多所谓的高级句型和高级词汇正是我们老师反复讲解和训练的。下面列举一些常见且高级的词汇和句型,供同学们参考。

  一.高级词汇

  1.occur 替换 think of

  Suddenly I had an idea that someone had broken into my house. →

  An idea occurred to me that someone had broken into my house.

  It occurred to me that someone had broken into my house.

  2.devote替换spend

  He spends all his spare time in reading. →

  He devotes all his spare time to reading.

  3.seek替换want / look for

  They sought ( wanted ) to hide themselves behind the trees.

  4.average 替换ordinary

  I’m an average ( ordinary ) student.

  5.but替换very

  The film we saw last night was very interesting. →

  The film we saw last night was nothing but interesting.

  The film we saw last night was anything but boring.

  6.seat 替换sit

  On his way to school, he found an old lady seated (sitting) by the road, looking worried.

  7.suppose 替换should

  He is supposed to ( should ) have driven more slowly.

  8.appreciate 替换thank

  Thank you very much for you help. →

  We appreciate your help very much. / Your help is much appreciated.

  9.the case替换 true

  I don’t think it is the case ( true ).

  10.on替换as soon as

  As soon as he arrived, he began his research. →

  On his arrival, he began his research..

  11.due to替换because of

  He arrived late due to ( because of ) the storm.

  12.cover替换walk/read

  After covering (walking) 10 miles, we all felt tired.

  13.contribute to替换 be helpful/useful

  Plenty of memory work is undoubtedly helpful to English study. →

  Plenty of memory work will undoubtedly contribute to English study.

  14.round the corner 替换 coming soon/ nearby

  ① The summer vacation is round the corner ( coming). Do you have any plans?

  ② Li Ming studies in a school round the corner (nearby).

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